The psychomotor and intellectual development of a child, from birth to the age of 18, is truly continuous. But this does not mean that all children are the same. Each child evolves at his or her own pace and may even differ from one child to another by weeks or months.
Psychomotor development of a child between 0 and 11 months of age
At birth, the baby already has several reflexes that have already appeared during foetal life: sucking, grasping firmly on your finger, he can even recognize your voice … Then, over time, his psychomotor development becomes more refined: he begins to lift his head little by little (2 to 3 months), follows objects that are presented to him (1 to 2 months), smiles (2 to 3 months), is interested in objects/laughs /gurgles (3 to 6 months), sits without support /can carry objects /starts doubling syllables /starts crawling to move around (7 to 9 months), can stand upright by leaning on a chair or table (9 to 11 months).
Psychomotor development of a child between 12 and 18 months of age
From his 12th month, the child can finally imitate what others do. Language begins to appear little by little: he may call you mom or dad or utter a few sounds that sound like words. Gradually, he begins to take his first steps, but falling down frequently of course. At the same time, he can easily catch small objects with his thumb and forefinger. At this age, he is already able to use his strength to push chairs, carts… He often tends to grab onto furniture, without knowing how to get back down. Around 15 or 16 months, the child can finally perfect his walking, learn to run and climb stairs. It is only from the age of 18 months onwards that he will be able to ensure his stability by walking and running. On top of that, he no longer needs help eating with a spoon.
Psychomotor development of a child between 19 and 36 months of age
Over time, the child gains new motor skills while becoming increasingly independent and intelligent. Little by little, he begins to be more precise in his gestures. He is even able to solve puzzle pieces with more precision. His hands are more and more efficient: his drawing improves more and more/ he is able to hold different objects/ pick up and throw a ball… Ditto for his two feet: go up and down the stairs perfectly/jump with both feet/kick a ball…